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Survivorship Guide for Bone Marrow/Stem Cell Transplant
Depression and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
The extent to which your emotional health is affected by a transplant depends on a complex interplay of your health status and personality, genetic factors, social support, financial situation, and other concerns. For most people, emotions about their experience change and evolve over time. Typically, feelings of sadness or anxiety are transient. For some, however, these feelings may persist and interfere with daily life. Individuals who experience ongoing sadness, emptiness, or anxiety that does not go away may be suffering from depression or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Depression is an illness that can affect all aspects of life. It involves a persistent feeling of sadness, emptiness, and loss of joy. People with PTSD often have frightening thoughts or memories about their trauma. They may avoid the places or things that remind them of the traumatic event, may have angry outbursts, a feeling of being on edge, or a feeling of being emotionally numb. The symptoms of PTSD can develop shortly after the trauma or sometimes years later.
People with depression or PTSD often cannot “pull themselves together” and may need some type of treatment to resume a healthy emotional life. Treatments for continuing depression include talk therapy, counseling, and antidepressants. In cases of mild depression, alternative treatments such as acupuncture, guided imagery, relaxation, and other therapies can also provide relief. PTSD is different from depression and is often treated with cognitive behavioral therapy that teaches people to separate their strong emotional reaction from the memories of the event. A therapy called Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has also been found to be effective. Other useful techniques for treating PTSD include group therapy and relaxation tools such as guided imagery and hypnosis. Medications to treat depression and anxiety may also be helpful in resolving PTSD.
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